Encontro de Energia no Meio Rural AGRENER
SCHMID, Aloísio Leoni. Infra-estrutura energética rural e incidência de trabalho infantil. In Anales del 3. Encontro de Energia no Meio Rural, 2000, Campinas (SP, Brasil) [online]. 2003 [citado 19 Mayo 2013]. Disponible en: <http://www.proceedings.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=MSC0000000022000000100020&lng=es&nrm=iso> .
Based both on the data available at the IBGE (Braz. Geographic and Statistical Institute) World Wide Web site from the Censo Agropecuário de 1996 and on the premise, that human energy is one of the most important energy sources in rural areas, the existence of a correlation of infant work and electric energy infrastructure in Brazilian rural properties was investigated. The verification was conducted first by Municipality, and second by product. Analysis covered agriculture, poultry and extractive practices. As a result, first part led to no correlation at all. However, the second part suggested a correlation to exist between share of rural workers under 14 and share of rural properties not having access to electric energy services. This correlation refers to the share of workers being both under 14 and belonging to the owner's family, corroborating the indication, in the literature, of infant work being a familiar tradition in the Brazilian countryside. Finally, the advance of the investigations with an approach more specific to region and character of economic activity is recommended.
Palabras llave : Trabalho infantil; energia renovável; desenvolvimento sustentável.