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Encontro de Energia no Meio Rural



Abstract

TAVARES, Maria Hermínia Ferreira and JORDAN, Rodrigo Aparecido. Desenvolvimento de um sistema de iluminação mais eficiente para utilização em granjas de produção de ovos férteis visando a racionalização de energia elétrica no setor avícola. In Procedings of the 4th Encontro de Energia no Meio Rural, 2002, Campinas (SP) [online]. 2002 [cited 19 January 2022]. Available from: <http://www.proceedings.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=MSC0000000022002000100044&lng=en&nrm=iso> .

In the productive chain of the Aviculture, the most consumed input, ignoring the ration, is the electric energy, mainly in production of one day's chicks, occurring consumption in all the phases, from the egg's production to the incubation. For the egg's production, it is used a huge amount of light, due to the exhibition's need to the light in the wave's length of the yellow color, indispensable factor for the bird maintain the fertile egg's production in a excellent level. The reduction of the energy's expense is related to the improvement of the illumination's systems, since the common system is formed by lamps of large potency, low efficiency and brief useful life. Among the 9 poultries from Parana's West and Soutwest, just one uses 20000 incandescent lamps of 100 W. So, our work has aimed to develop a illumination's system that used a smaller amount of lamps, demanded smaller amount of electric energy and presented larger durability. The illumination's systems with vapor of sodium 70, mixed vapor 250 and fluorescent HO 110 were mounted, being obeyed the minimum index of luminosity of 40 luxes. The electric measures were performed through a digital recorder, with data being taken every 5 minutes, during one month. The system with vapor of sodium has proved to be the most economic and durable.

Keywords : Sistema de iluminação; índice de luminosidade; granja de produção; Avicultura; tipo de lâmpada; energia elétrica.

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