Encontro de Energia no Meio Rural Agrener
CORREA, Ila Maria, MAZIERO, José Valdemar Gonzalez, UNGARO, Maria Regina et al. Performance of diesel engine fuelled with sunflower biodiesel blends. In Anais do 6. Encontro de Energia no Meio Rural, 2006, Campinas (SP, Brasil) [online]. 2006 [citado 09 Dezembro 2013]. Disponível em: <http://www.proceedings.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=MSC0000000022006000100045&lng=pt&nrm=iso> .
The aim of this paper was to evaluate the use of sunflower biodiesel blends in a CI engine, direct injection. The test procedure was done in a dynamometer bench had been determined the performance of engine through power take-off (PTO) with use of diesel and sunflower biodiesel blends (B5, B10, B20 and B100). The lubricating oil was analyzed before and after period of 96 hours. The results were: D (40,7 kW; 271 g/kW.h); B5 (40,3 kW; 271 g/kW.h); B10 (39,8 kW; 277 g/kW.h); B20 (40,0 kW; 277 g/kW.h) e B100 (39,8 kW; 291 g/kW.h). It was conclude that the use of blends B5, B10, B20 and B100 decreased the power of PTO máx. 2,2% and increased the fuel consumption máx. 7, 3%. The analyze of lubricating oil showed that the viscosity, water content and level of iron were the parameters more affected, although it had been acceptable.
Palavras-chave : engine performance; biocombustivel; vegetal oil.