Encontro de Energia no Meio Rural Agrener
CUNHA, Kamyla Borges da, WALTER, Arnaldo y REI, Fernando Fernandes. Estado de implementação do mecanismo de desenvolvimento limpo no Brasil. In Anales del 6. Encontro de Energia no Meio Rural, 2006, Campinas (SP, Brasil) [online]. 2006 [citado 24 Mayo 2013]. Disponible en: <http://www.proceedings.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=MSC0000000022006000100058&lng=es&nrm=iso> .
Defined in the article 12 from Kyoto Protocol, the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) was created as a market instrument. As a consequence, CDM projects distribution is becoming unequal among the regions of the globe and also among project activities types. Brazil is the second in number of projects and the third in emission reductions, but the market aspect of CDM is a factor that influences the domestic dynamics of CDM. In this way, the objective of this paper is to evaluate in which way the regional and technological differences between CDM projects are replicable in the national context. In order to meet this aim, it was assessed all Brazilian CDM projects that were submitted to UN until March 10th 2006. As a result, it could be identified that there is not any LULUCF CDM projects, besides the Brazilian potential in this field, it could be noticed that the most part of Brazilian CDM projects is focused in renewable energy promotion, such as cogeneration with biomass and small hydro power plants and that there is a small number of projects related to energy efficiency. In addition, it was verified wide differences regarding regional distribution of projects and the predominance of unilateral initiatives.
Palabras llave : Mecanismo de Desenvolvimento Limpo; Brasil; Mercado de carbono.