Encontro de Energia no Meio Rural Agrener
CHAVES, Francisco David Moya. Mecanismos financeiros para fontes de energia renováveis. In Anales del 6. Encontro de Energia no Meio Rural, 2006, Campinas (SP, Brasil) [online]. 2006 [citado 22 Mayo 2013]. Disponible en: <http://www.proceedings.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=MSC0000000022006000200007&lng=es&nrm=iso> .
This work presents three different financier mechanisms in the world as choices in the electricity generation investment from alternative energy sources. It shows a description of the following methods developed in the world: "Payment capacity", social costs of energy, and markets that trade renewable energies certificates. Finally, a recommendation about the best choice that could be implemented in Brazil is suggested. Given the importance in the use of the renewable energy of generation electric energy, most of the electric systems in the world have developed mechanisms to encourage the use of alternative energies in the world. With the "capacity payment" the power plants that employ alternative sources, can receive extra payment as benefits for their initial investment. A possibility could be fixing taxes for the generation of electricity with fossil fuel that could finance the renewable energy sources. A renewable energy market dealing with tradeable certificates, forces the electricity purchasers to have a percentage from alternative energies of the totally energy acquired. In this way the forced purchasing of energy from power plants which use energy certificates allows the expansion of these technologies.
Palabras llave : Fontes de Energia Renováveis; Pagamentos por Capacidade; Certificados de Energia Renovável; Custo Social da energia.