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Brazilian Nursing Communication Symposium
SIBRACEN


Abstract

MENDES, Isabel Amélia Costa, ANDERSSON, Margareta, HAYASHIDA, Miyeko et al. Disclosing serious diagnosis and prognosis from the perspective of swedish and brazilian nurses. In Proceedings of the 8. Brazilian Nursing Communication Symposium, 2002, San Pablo (SP, Brazil) [online]. 2002 [cited 04 March 2021]. Available from: <http://www.proceedings.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=MSC0000000052002000200052&lng=en&nrm=iso> .

This is an exploratory study concerning some ethical questions related to the disclosure of a serious diagnosis/prognosis to family and patient, with respect to its occurrence and frequency in the Brazilian and Swedish realities, from the viewpoint of graduate nursing students in both countries. The sample of Brazilian students comprised 62 nurses, whereas the Swedish group consisted of 55 professionals. Most of the Brazilians stated that disclosing the diagnosis (85.5%) and prognosis (75.8%) to the patient is a frequent or very frequent problem, which is minimized when the information is disclosed to the family. However, Swedish nurses never or rarely (58.2 to 63.7%) see this situation as a problem, neither when informing the diagnosis or prognosis to the family nor when informing the patient. In Sweden, most of the patients are informed about the diagnosis (98.2%) and prognosis (90.9%), but the family is not informed with regard to the diagnosis (94.6%) or prognosis (85.5%) before the patient's consent. In Brazil, the opposite occurs. The family is more frequently informed about the diagnosis (50%) and prognosis (56.5%) than the patient himself.

Keywords : ethics; nursing; diagnosis; disclosure; humanization.

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