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Congresso Internacional de Pedagogia Social



Abstract

VICTORINO, Samuel Carlos. O papel da educação na reconstrução nacional da República de Angola. In Proceedings of the 4th.Congresso Internacional de Pedagogia Social Congresso Internacional de Pedagogia Social, 2012, São Paulo (SP, Brazil) [online]. 2012 [cited 24 May 2024]. Available from: <http://www.proceedings.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=MSC0000000092012000200027&lng=en&nrm=iso> .

The Republic of Angola gained its independence on November 11, 1975. At this point the overall rate of illiteracy was 85% of the population. With the passage of the Basic System of Education, Law 13/01 31 December 2001, launched a reform of the education system, whose impact on the socio-economic development of the country is notorious. The end of the armed conflict, achieved with the signing of peace agreements to April 4, 2002, enabled a rapid development of education throughout the country. The school network was expanded with the new construction of mainstream schools and Medium Polytechnic Institutes in all the provinces, which provides vocational training for young people. In the period 2001 to 2010, a period of peace, 34,580 new classrooms were built which represents an average of 3,842 classrooms built / year. The number of students enrolled in education has tripled, from 2 million in 2001 to 6 million in 2010. The number of teachers employed increased from 58,000 in 2001 to 200,000 in 2010. In higher education there was the creation of six new public universities in 2009, resulting from the downsizing of the only public university existed until then. The opening of higher education to the private sector enabled the creation of 22 Institutions of Higher Education, tutored by private entities. This expansion of higher education enabled a tripling of the Number of students enrolled in higher education. The number of young graduates is every year increasing, with strong positive implication in the lives of many families. Under the policies of reconstruction and development of Angola, the development of the Education Sector is of crucial importance, constituting a strategic fight against poverty and illiteracy, promoting health, reducing social inequalities and gender in socio-economic recovery and the consolidation of a democratic society and law.

Keywords : Peace Accords; Education System; Higher Education; Development.

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